Gabriel Espinoza, MD received his medical education at the University of California, Davis. During his training, he cared for patients suffering from addiction and withdrawal symptoms in emergency and critical care settings. He also has personal experience in various forms of rehabilitation and the utility of 12-step programs in recovery.

Dr. Espinoza continues his training in pediatrics and is interested in the impact that drug and alcohol use and adverse childhood experiences have on the developing adolescent brain. Dr. Espinoza has written about topics including public health, wellness, recovery and rehabilitation, pediatrics, and K -12 education. The content written by Dr. Espinoza is for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of substance abuse.